Biotechnical systems are of numerous types. They can be divided into three categories, based on their technology and application. These are energy, biochemical and medical technologies.
Energy biotechnical systems are of several types, such as fossil fuels, nuclear fission and chemical energies. The basic technologies used in this professional activity are physical processes such as energy conversion, utilization of physical processes and energy production. Chemical methods are mainly used for the separation of different compounds, combustion and chemical reactions. Biological technologies deals with the production and use of medicines.
In the field of physical processes, the applications include energy, mechanical engineering and mechanical sciences and also physical processes such as chemical energy, kinetic energy, chemical kinetics, and electromagnetic spectroscopy. These technologies have their own independent significance and place in the overall scheme of things. One important area is that of biofuels, which have gained a lot of attention as of late. Almost all the countries are investing in this area in order to produce fuel economically. Pharmaceutical industries are also pursuing this in a big way, so that they can utilize the new technologies for the production of medicines.
The third specialization is that of biochemical technologies which encompasses all the fields related to life and biology. This field involves biotechnological and pharmaceutical methods for the production and the utilization of medicines. With the advent of biotechnology, there has been a growth in the area of pharmaceutical engineering. This has provided a broad range of opportunities to the pharmaceutical engineers who specialize in this area.
The fourth specialization is that of the medical and biological technologies. This field is related to the field of information and communication technology. All the modalities and technologies associated with information science are implemented in this field. In the light of these technologies, the focus of medical and biological technologies is on the medical solutions to life-threatening diseases and their medical-related complications. These technologies are also involved in the field of manufacturing, diagnostic, drug design, etc.
The fifth specialization is that of the environmental technologies. This field is all about the management of the production and the utilization of energy in such a way so as to reduce the dependence on fossil fuels. Many of the environmental technologies are related to the light waves, radiation and heat energy. Bioengineering, computer based energy, water recycling and energy efficient devices are some of the important techniques being applied in the field of environmental technology. This is also an important area of research and development.
The sixth specialization is that of the computer modeling and designing. This area of study is all about the application and manipulation of digital systems and techniques to solve all the problems and enhance the productivity in the industrial set up. Computer modeling and design involve both the physical and digital aspects of the system. Simulations and the fabrication of mechanical and electronic systems have been integral parts of the advances made in the fields of computer modeling and designing. The role of the biotechnical technologist in the field of computer modeling and designing are very significant.
Biotechnology is another very important area which is gaining a lot of attention in the medical world. Biotechnology has come of age as one of the major breakthrough technologies of the twenty-first century. This field is all about the development of useful medicines and other medical products against all types of diseases. These highly qualified professionals have to follow and implement all the technological improvements in the medical world for the development of useful medicines. All the graduate students who opt for this profession have to strictly follow all the procedures and standards laid down by the various national and international medical organizations for the proper implementation of the various technologies and procedures.